Indiana State University Newsroom

Librarian publishes servant leadership bibliography

February 5, 2009

Betsy Hine, interim associate dean and librarian at Indiana State University, recently published "The Hine Bibliography of Selected Resources on Servant Leadership."

The idea for the bibliography first came about a few years ago when Hine and a group of other ISU faculty and staff members, along with students, started an informal group that would gather to discuss the concept of servant leadership as set forth by Terre Haute native Robert K. Greenleaf. Greenleaf was one of the first to bring the idea of servant leadership to Terre Haute and in 1964 he opened the Greenleaf Center for Servant Leadership.

Greenleaf defined the concept as "The servant-leader is servant first. It begins with the natural feeling that one wants to serve, to serve first. Then conscious choice brings one to aspire to lead. That person is sharply different from one who is leader first; perhaps because of the need to assuage an unusual power drive or to acquire material possessions. The leader-first and the servant-first are two extreme types. Between them there are shadings and blends that are part of the infinite variety of human nature."

'Servant leadership is a very important subject, one that is currently being researched and studied by graduate students and faculty at Indiana State,' Hine added.

Eventually, the ISU group meeting to discuss Greenleaf's ideas became known as the Alliance for Servant Leadership and was guided by former ISU President John Moore, Josh Powers, chair of the department of educational leadership, administration and foundations, and former interim provost David Hopkins.

One summer Hine attended a class for faculty on how to convert classrooms to reflect this concept.

'Since I don't teach in the traditional manner, I had to think what I could do as a librarian to continue participating in the class while completing the assignment,' said Hine. 'That is when I came up with the idea of making a research guide for those doing research on in servant leadership.' That research guide was put on the library's home page with other topical research guides.

Aside from research, Hine said that there are new students, staff, and faulty members at ISU who are learning how to be leaders all the time.

Hine took a sabbatical and began working at the Robert K. Greenleaf Center for Servant Leadership where she compiled the original bibliography which was published on the Center's Web page in 2006; she continued compiling and updating the bibliography. In June of 2008, she submitted her revision, which included about 150 additional entries, to the Greenleaf Center's Web page and was later asked by the director if the center could publish her work.

The bibliography consists of more than 500 entries of monographs in various formats such as books, audio and video, pamphlets and so on.

'I examined just about every item before putting it on the list,' said Hine. 'I used a citation software package called Citation 9, available through the library to create databases and annotations and ultimately the bibliography.'

While it is the first book she has published, Hine is already looking to the future and revisions to the bibliography.

'People from all over the world have contacted me about it,' said Hine. 'I feel very gratified that I've been able to be of help to others who are writing about and studying this topic.'

For more information on the bibliography, contact Hine at 812-237-2562 or .

Visit for more information on Servant Leadership and the Robert K. Greenleaf Center.

Contact: Betsy Hine, interim associate dean and librarian, Cunningham Memorial Library, Indiana State University, 812-237-2562 or

Writer: Jennifer Spector, Media Relations Intern, Office of Communications & Marketing, Indiana State University, 812-237-3773 or

Photo: Betsy Hine